To The Ladies

Martha Washington as she may have looked when she married George

This year it is appropriate to recognize a powerful force that has made our nation great, The Ladies.

At Roanoke, the Lost Colony, they were there and shared the hardship and the disaster of that ill fated settlement. Later at Jamestown, although the colony was hardly established and a few women, wives and servants of the officers had already come, the proprietors in England loaded a ship with ninety young women in 1620 and sent them across the Atlantic as brides for the survivors of hunger, disease, cold and hostile attack.

Stop for just a moment and think about the mental state of those young women. You think Sally Ride the astronaut was courageous! In a meadow outside the settlement they were presented, and the Men proposed, and paid for their passage, the Vicar married them and they went off together to found the greatest, freest nation in the world.

Their sons and daughters literally tore a nation out of the primeval forest. From the early 1600s until the 1890s they stood at loopholes in the walls of log cabins and sod huts beside their husbands and children and fought off Indians and bandits.

Abigail Adams

In the Shenandoah Valley and Western Pennsylvania in 1755, under Shawnee attack during the French and Indian War, they fought off the vicious assault. During the Revolution, we know much about Martha Washington’s one woman reinforcement at Valley Forge and Abigail Adams share of the political struggles of her husband.

We know about Captain Molly of the Highlands and Molly Pitcher at the battle of Monmouth serving her dead husband’s field gun, but all along the frontier from New York to Georgia they pushed west and at farms and clearings in the forest they stood on their tiny plots of ground and lived and died beside their families.

In the Civil War when the men went off to war, our part of the country was run by the women of the South, faithful slaves and old men and boys. Bertha Ochs, the Great Grand Mother of “Pinch” Sulzberger of the New York Times, Rush Limbaugh’s favorite publisher, smuggled quinine to Confederate soldiers.

Molly Pitcher at the Battle of Monmouth

Belle Boyd, Rose Greenhow and Eugenia Phillips spied for the Confederacy and furnished vital information wrapped in the center of a ball of yarn.

In that terrible war, one out of every forty-five Southerners died in service. If you look at only the white population which bore the brunt of the fighting, the figure becomes one out of every twenty-five Southerners.

If you estimate military aged males as 25 percent of that white population the number approximates one out of every eight. This is a staggering loss.

One out of 45 is the highest proportion of combat deaths to the population of any American war.

One out of 25 is thirteen times the proportional toll of World War II and one hundred thirty-eight times the proportional toll of the Vietnam War. One out of eight is five hundred and fifty times the proportional loss of Vietnam.

The Ladies carried on and rebuilt the South with their bare hands and an iron will. Westward across the plains and mountains they followed on the heels of the discoverers.

Through two World Wars, Korea, Vietnam and the war against Islamic fanatics they stood and still stand beside the men on the firing line.

This is why American men have stood so firmly against any threat to our homes and families, why the Minutemen stood on Lexington Green on April 19, 1775 and heard Captain John Parker speak for them and all Americans to this day the quintessentially American statement:

 

 ”Stand your ground. Don’t fire unless fired upon, But if they meant to have war, let it begin here.”

Francis Scott Key repeated the theme in the fourth verse of the star Spangled Banner:

“Oh! Thus be it ever when free men shall stand
Between their loved homes and the war’s desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, May the heaven rescued land
Praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: ‘In God is our trust.’
And the Star – Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!”

Rose Greenhow

Ladies, your ancestors and you have shown talent, tenacity of purpose, imagination, management skills, ability to communicate, devotion to duty, energy, self-sacrifice, courage, patriotism and most of all love.

Of course, it is all of those character traits that have made your contribution so magnificent. Your courage and theirs and the love that sustains it have made our nation the most generous on earth. It has made our country the most envied and the most desirable destination for those who live under tyranny and oppression or depression and despair.

So, To the Ladies, who give us the gift of life and a free country,

God Bless them!

And God Bless the United States of America!

AUTHOR’S NOTE:

From an article by Brigid Shulte, Washington Post, February 8, 2009

With regards to the image of Martha Washington in this article it should be noted that forensic anthropologists used an 1796 portrait to create an image of a young Martha Washington. Seeking to revamp the former first lady’s fusty image, using the few surviving records of things she wrote, asking forensic anthropologists to do a computerized age-regression portrait of her in her mid-20s and, perhaps most importantly, displaying for the first time in decades the avant-garde deep purple silk high heels studded with silver sequins that she wore on her wedding day!

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel. LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

Looking Back At The People

The National Park Service has an excellent resource on the Civil War on its Soldiers and Sailors website. It is possible to look for an ancestor, or a unit, or both on the site. Genealogists use it as a useful tool, but those interested in the units that fought will find it useful, too.

For example, I searched for Bowman, J, my great grand father, while doing research at the National Archives in Washington. I found lots of “J. Bowmans” in the lists of Confederate soldiers from every state and in every kind of unit. I was fortunate enough to know that his brother, George, served in the same unit. I had to scroll through all the “Js” and all the Georges to find a unit where both served. I was further able to limit my search because I knew they were cavalry and had served under Morgan.

Now on the internet, without an expensive trip to Washington, I could go on line and search units of a type, cavalry, infantry or artillery, and read a brief unit history that described what counties the units were raised in. I could then note those that looked promising and search the name in each of those units.

You have to be flexible in entering the name. I found my great grand father listed three times and his brother listed twice in their proper unit with various spellings and combinations of initials.  It is possible to see a roster of the unit, too, but the roster will record all of the versions of the named as I just showed. As a result, the total of names listed is not an accurate count of the men who served in it, because of such duplication.

A minor irritation is the requirement to go through a unit alphabetically one page at a time from “A” through the letters. If the man you are looking for is Zollicoffer, it is going to try your patience to work your way back to him. It is possible to print each page and arrive at a roster of the members. A researcher can then get to individual records and see what happened to each man. It is possible to order copies of records from the Archives and a form for doing so is on the site.

Another useful item is the notation on each record of which microfilm roll the soldier’s name is listed. Using that information you can obtain a complete copy of the soldier’s detailed service record in the war.

This information can then be used in company with a reference, such as the four volumes of “Battles and Leaders” which gives an order of battle for each army before a given fight, such as Gettysburg. Knowing which brigade, division and corps a soldier served in lets you see what he saw in the battle, as the after action reports form both sides are printed following the Order Of Battle.

For example, it your ancestor fought in the 9th Georgia Infantry, you will find he was in the Wheat Field and endured very heavy fighting. This can be a thrilling experience. I commend it to each of you. If you have questions about how to use this, send me a message. I will be glad to explain further and help you through any of the processes I have described.

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel. LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

Prisoners Of War

Aerial view of Camp Chase in Ohio

Any student of the American Civil War and of Morgan’s Cavalry will sooner or later deal with the issues of prisoners of war. Since the largest part of the brigades with Morgan on the grand raid north of the Ohio River were captured and interned in various Union Prisoner of War camps knowledge of the camps and how prisoners were treated is essential to understanding the experience of the command in the war.

In rough terms the division Morgan lead numbered around 2000 men allowing for some losses along the way and the nearly impossible task of accounting for stragglers in the final miles of the raid. Something around 700 got over the Ohio before the ford was closed by Union gunboats. A part of those captured were taken close to the  river where the command was brought to bay, but a smaller fragment broke out to the north and was captured a short time later.

Camp Chase in Ohio

The new prisoners were herded together and put aboard river boats and transported down the  Ohio to Cincinnati. At Cincinnati they were loaded on trains and sent to Camp Douglas Illinois. Other groups of prisoners were sent to Camp Chase in Columbus, Ohio. After a relatively short stay they were moved by rail on to Camp Douglas, in Chicago.

This consolidated the vast majority of Morgan’s enlisted men at Camp Douglas. Morgan and several of his highest ranking officers were taken to the state penitentiary and treated as common criminals, cuffed and placed in cells with close supervision and limited exercise. The lower ranking officers were sent elsewhere to officer prisons which were hardly better in any respect than the enlisted prisons.

Confederate POWs at Camp Douglas, Illinois

Camp Douglas was in poor shape before Morgan’s men began to arrive in August of 1863 and the numbers they added to the prison population put it under real stress. At its largest planned size it was to hold around 6000 men. For much of the war it was over crowded severely. The buildings were open frame structures constructed by contractors using the cheapest materials available. Heating in the winter was inadequate in terms of stoves and the availability of fuel. Food was chronically short and disease in the over crowded buildings was a serious problem.

Since Morgan’s men came into the camp in units they maintained a certain cohesiveness that made them come to be regarded as the biggest troublemakers in the camp.

Most men were interned for about 19 months and then prisoner exchanges began. They were moved by rail to Point Lookout Maryland, put on boats and carried to City Point the large installation opposite Petersburg, VA where they were exchanged.

I recommend “While in the Hands of the Enemy” by Charles W Sanders, Jr. as a study of prisoners and prison camps on both sides. A scholarly and thorough study, quite even handed in its presentation.

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel. LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

 

The Army Horse

I happened across a reprint a short while back that is full of interesting information.

It is “The U.S .Cavalry Horse,” by General William H. Carter. First printed in 1896, it contains many items about the Civil War.

In a February report from Henry W. Halleck, Chief of Staff to U.S. Grant, there are some interesting statistics included.

Cavalrymen present for duty – 105,434
Cavalrymen present and absent – 160,237
Cavalry horses serviceable – 77,847
Cavalry horses unserviceable – 9,659
Cavalry horses purchased during the year – 154,400

Recognizing that this is all Union cavalry in any area of the country, the Union had more cavalrymen than Lee and Joe Johnston, combined, had infantry two months later in their armies. The figures show the Union bought about one horse per cavalryman in the year, but only half of the cavalrymen were still on serviceable horses at year end. And somewhat more then half were all that was left of the years purchase of horses.

General Wilson who was to campaign in Alabama and Georgia in the spring of 1865 with a 13,000 man mounted force wanted 10,000 additional horses for his command.

Even more revealing, is the wastage of equipment by the cavalry force. Halleck quoted the waste and loss of equipment during the year as follows:

Carbines                      93,394

Pistols                          71,000

Sabers                         90,000

Horse equipments      150,000

That shows a new carbine, pistol and saber for almost every serving cavalryman and a brand new saddle and other horse furniture for every horse bought!          The total cost of this lavish spending was $125,000,000. The report goes on to inform him that the Quartermaster, General Montgomery Meigs, is $180,000,000 in debt and unable to furnish any more horses.

The author, a Civil War veteran complains about horses left saddled for days on end for no good purpose and poor training and discipline of enlisted men in care for their mounts. He remarks favorably on Confederate cavalry, who had to furnish their own horses, as taking better care not to run down their mount carelessly. In the final analysis, he is criticizing the officer corps for failing to properly train and supervise their men.

As an old logistician of limited experience and at a low level, the figures are stunning. Compared to modern usage and the strict accounting of equipment now in force, it is incomprehensible that this should have happened.

Consider that Civil War cavalry divisions varied somewhat in size, but assume a division had about 6000 soldiers in it. The figures above show enough carbines were lost or became unserviceable to equip nearly sixteen cavalry divisions, eleven plus division with new pistols and fifteen divisions with sabers.

Most gun collectors will comment that the evolution of the cavalry carbine was rapid during the war, and many different makes were available. Reequipping cavalry with newer more effective weapons, like the seven shot Spencer, used so effectively by Wilson’s men against Bedford Forrest, may have accounted for at least part of the carbine figure, but pistols and sabers changed hardly at all after 1862.

Makes you wonder what happened to all of them!

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel. LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

 

Cavalry, Dragoons, And Mounted Infantry

Americans have a surprisingly strange way about mounted combat. On a continent of great distances where the horse was the means of locomotion for three hundred years, in our armed services we have kept distance from mounted units by and large. No great cavalry men show up in our history books until the Civil War. Then most of the true greats show up, with almost no cavalry man of stature again until World War Two Arguably, the greats are Stuart, Forrest, Morgan and Sheridan.

General Patton

World War Two gave us Patton. Most of the others, and there were many who were highly competent, fall short of that spark that catches the eye, heart and imagination for aggressiveness, initiative, daring and a high level of command competence. Joe Wheeler and James Wilson come to mind, but Wheeler was conventional in everything, and Wilson’s time as a cavalry commander was very short, and his success was measured against a Bedford Forrest whose mounts, equipment and men were worn down, and who was badly out gunned in equipment and horse flesh.

Cavalry is mounted soldiers of all kinds in the broad sense of the word. Dragoons and mounted infantry are sort of like cavalry in performance of duty and sort of not! Both are essentially infantry men who are mounted for transportation. Almost with out exception they dismount to fight and use infantry drill to do so. Cavalry, on the contrary fights primarily mounted, although they may dismount to fight from time to time.

This difference in employment leads to differences in equipment, Cavalrymen are usually armed with a carbine, a short barreled shoulder fired weapon, one or more pistols and a saber or broadsword.  The dragoon usually has similar equipment, but when specifically organized as dragoons, they carried a musketoon. A musketoon is longer than a carbine and shorter than an infantry musket; the longer barrel gives his weapon a longer range, so he has an advantage over a cavalry man. Mounted infantry is just that. They carry a long infantry musket and bayonet. They have the advantage in range of firearms over musketoons and carbines.

Jeb Stuart

In the Civil War, Jeb Stuart’s command fought as cavalry. They performed reconnaissance, intelligence, security, and screening missions, and rarely performed massed charges. Infantry in the Army of Northern Virginia were heard to remark, “Who ever saw a dead. Cavalryman?”

Morgan and Forrest, used their command far more in a fighting role as dragoons, but still did a good bit of reconnaissance, as well as mounted combat, in various deep raids and battles. Sheridan used his cavalry command mostly as cavalry on the same order as Stuart, but as his command grew in size and competence under his able command, they moved more to deep raids and dismounted combat. Remember it was Sheridan’s men who blocked Lee’s escape west of Appomattox Court House and pursued Jeff Davis on his run south to escape. Patton was very much in the mould of Forrest and Sheridan.

During my career I escorted foreign officers around West Point. Many of them, most particularly the Germans and French, at Patton’s statue would snap to attention and render a salute.

What greater tribute could a soldier ask?

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel. LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

Robert E. Lee

The military of the United States has long studied and taught leadership to its officers and non commissioned officers.

It recognized that some soldiers instinctively have good leadership traits, but most others need schooling to develop traits and techniques of leadership.

Even the “born Leader” needs schooling to sharpen and develop his skills.

A web search recently on “Leadership, principles” returned 7,330,000 hits.

That’s a good bit more than we can go into today, so distilling the ideas to their essence will give us some strong medicine indeed.

 

The Army lists eleven principles;

  1. Be tactically and technically proficient
  2. Know yourself and seek self improvement
  3. Know your soldiers and look after their welfare
  4. Keep your soldiers informed
  5. Ensure a task is understood, supervised and accomplished
  6. Train your soldiers as a team
  7. Make sound and timely decisions
  8. Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates
  9. Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities
  10. Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions
  11. Set the example.

Ulysses S. Grant

It is not hard to convert the military language into civilian words, so there is no point in rewriting them. Let’s see what they are doing with this line up.

I personally think this is a sort of mish mash, it combines exhortation with tasks. In the first one we are exhorted to be all we can be by learning the basic knowledge required by our job.

The next two tell you to get about doing number one, and while  you are at it, you need to get to know who you work with and you need to treat them right.

I am not sure Number four is not already a par to number three.  Then there is more about how to do your job right down to the end.

Perhaps we can work with this a bit to come up with an easily remembered formulation. Let’s start out with this:

  1. Master the body of knowledge intrinsic to your profession by continued study and application
  2. Teach your subordinates everything you learn
  3. Demand that they employ the knowledge gained in their performance of duty
  4. Demand perfection in the performance of duty and use each needed correction to teach the principal behind the practice
  5. Accept responsibility for your own actions and those of your subordinates.
  6. Be fair, honest, just and impartial in your dealings and judgments of superiors, and subordinates.
  7. Be loyal to superiors and subordinates.
  8. Show respect for every person.
  9. Master fear
  10. Constantly evaluate and re-evaluate the situation your organization is in and adjust performance to new requirements.
  11. Be decisive but not hasty
  12. Meet your responsibilities to your superiors, your organization, and your subordinates.
  13. Love what you do and teach others to love it by doing it well.

In summary the last one sums it all up; Love what you do and who you do it with enough to do it well. Love your men enough to care for them and teach them so they can attain the standard of excellence necessary to bring everyone home, and in doing so each man who is with you is proud to say so.

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel. LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

 

 

Arms And The Man

The Confederacy was hurting for weapons to arm its Army from the first and nearly all the way through the war. Firearms were purchased anywhere they could be found starting in New York City and ranging far afield in Europe, with England, France and Belgium being interested suppliers. As a result of the arms shortage, many units were armed with flintlocks from two generations before 1860.

The arsenals captured at secession yielded some good relatively new weapons as well as out dated, obsolete models. Morgan moved quickly to arm his men with good quality rifles, carbines and pistols.

Swords were largely ignored unless a man had nothing else. Morgan and his men showed a strong preference for the two band Enfield rifle of British manufacture, when they could be gotten.

This was the preferred weapon, because it was somewhat shorter then the standard Enfield, hence easier to manage on horse back, but the barrel was long enough to give it range superior to carbines. The men took the standard three band model as well. The rifle was .577 inches in caliber and fired a conical lead bullet of the Minie type. This bullet had a concave base.

This feature caused the bullet to expand to firmly engage the lands and grooves of the barrel, imparting a stabilizing spin to the bullet for accuracy, and by sealing the powder explosion in tightly, gave more range to the bullet  Some of Morgan’s cavalry companies were armed with an Enfield carbine of about 80 caliber.

Late in the war a number of Spencer repeating carbines were captured and then discarded because of the extreme difficulty of getting the ammunition. Shortages of copper in the South all but foreclosed the possibility of producing cartridges for such advanced weapons in quantity.

Every scrap of copper available was used for percussion caps used to ignite the power in muzzle loading firearms. Each trooper also armed himself with a revolver. Colt, Remington, Starr and Adams models were used as well a French and Belgian pistols of various makes. Most of these revolvers were Army models in .44 caliber or Navy models in.36 caliber.

While Morgan’s men were organized as cavalry, they often fought as infantry, dismounting and forming ranks, just as conventional infantry of the period did. This gave Morgan advantages.

First, it confused his opponent as to the nature of his command, second, it preserved a significant mobility advantage over an opponent, and when he was against Union cavalry, the additional range and hitting power of the rifles gave him an edge over the carbine armed Union troopers.

In fact, Morgan’s tactics, rapid movement, agile maneuver, and the application of superior, decisive force against a fixed enemy looked very much like many of the actions fought by the US Army’s First Cavalry Division in Vietnam, the famous First Air Cav.

 

 

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel.  LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

 

 

Morgan’s Cavalry operated in a mixed environment. The population of Kentucky and Tennessee was mixed in its politics, with many supporting the Confederacy and others strong Union men. As his large command moved through the countryside civilians overheard conversations between soldiers talking among themselves and officers giving instructions or speculating about routes and objectives.

If any Union supporters were present, it was a foregone conclusion that they would pass on the information overheard to Federal units. Morgan was sensible enough to understand and to counter this threat.

He deliberately staged conversations between officers in the presence of civilians to plant false information with the listeners. He reckoned that officer provided information would be valued more highly than the rumors and scuttlebutt from troops in the ranks. He was right.

He also used Lightning Ellsworth, his expert telegrapher to cut into lines, and imitating the fist (the distinctive tempo and style of a telegrapher) of an operator on that circuit, to send false information.

"Lightning" Ellsworth

As soon as the transmission was complete, the line would be cut so the message could not be corrected by the person imitated until later when the line was repaired. Ellsworth also simply listened, some times, to pick up information about Union movements in response to Morgan’s own maneuvers. The operators never knew they had been eavesdropped on.

To further the deception, Morgan detached small parties to act as scouts near the false destinations. The scouts were always careful to be identified as Morgan’s men.

The triple presence of telegraph messages, scouts and field intelligence information from overheard conversations were considered strong indications that a particular place was a true objective for Morgan’s attack, when his real target was many miles away.

Hurrah for Dixie!

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel.  LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

 

 

 

 

Cavalry On The March

"Morgan's Raiders" led by Gen. John Hunt Morgan

Contrary to Hollywood, Cavalry on the march in the Civil War did not march in a tight packed column with the commander about ten yards out front; at least not the units commanded by men who lived a very long time. The formation spelled out in the tactics manual of the time could well have been written yesterday for our Army and Marines. It was necessary to provide security and early warning to prevent ambush, a surprise meeting with a large force or, when possible, observation by hostile scouts and patrols.

The standard formation for the head of the column was a two man point well out front. These two riders were followed at a distance by the rest of their platoon of about twenty men, The Advanced Party, who were positioned in easy supporting distance to rescue the point if they got into trouble, or to overwhelm a road block or party of the enemy discovered to be in the way.

The remainder of the lead company, The Advanced Guard, followed them in easy supporting distance, but far enough back to not be pinned down by an ambush or hostile force the point might run into. The ability of the Advanced Guard to maneuver and strike at the flanks of any smaller force in their way provided a measure of safety to the lonely men far ahead of the main body. They could also delay a hostile force making an immediate attack long enough for the whole column to deploy and brig its force to bear on the attacker.

Behind these men, along the sides of the column stretched along the road, each unit put out flanking parties to guard the column from a surprise from the flank. At the rear, a rear guard arranged in reverse, just like the point, advance party and advance guard protected the command from surprise attack from that quarter, and picked off anyone shadowing the column.

General John Hunt Morgan

To give an idea of how long such a column might be, and to understand the reasons for security pushed well out to the front and rear, allow ten feet of road space, front to rear, for each trooper and his horse. (This is a fairly tight and compact column. Many would take more space on a long march.) March the column in two files (two men abreast) on the relatively narrow roads of the time, and Morgan’s command on the way to Indiana at 2200 men would be 1100 ranks x 10 feet distance = a column 11,000 feet long. Add ten percent to the total column length for the distance between the regiments, battalions, and companies, plus artillery pieces and ammunition wagons, and you have a column 12,100 feet or about two and a quarter miles long.

If the column moved at a brisk walk of 4 miles per hour, it would take about an hour for the rear of the column to pass the same point the Advanced Guard had long since gone by. Or put another way, the rear Guard would arrive at camp an hour after the Advanced Guard had dismounted and watered their horses. A deployment for a fight at 10 or 12 miles per hour would take about ten to fifteen minutes. The early warning of strong enemy presence would be crucial to applying all of your power at once against an enemy, particularly against an enemy already deployed for battle, who was taking the head of your column under fire.

Hurrah for Dixie!

Donald C. Bowman has published articles in service journals and contributed to Infantry Magazine. Miss Mary’s Honor Guard is his first novel.  LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. He is also a participant in the Witness to War which preserves the oral histories of combat veterans.

LTC (R) Donald C. Bowman was inducted into the Army Ranger Hall of Fame (RHOF) on July 27, 2011. The ceremony took place at the Bill Heard Theater in Columbus, Georgia. He was one of twelve distinguished inductees for 2011.His first book, a novel set during the  Civil War era is entitled Miss Mary’s Honor Guard and was published in December of 2010 by Wheatmark.

The Ranger Hall of Fame was formed to honor and preserve the spirit and contributions of America’s most extraordinary Rangers. The members of the Ranger Hall of Fame Selection Board take particular care to ensure that only the most extraordinary Rangers are inducted, a difficult mission given the high caliber of all nominees. Their precepts are impartiality, fairness, and scrutiny. Inductees were selected impartially from Ranger units and associations representing each era or Ranger history. Each nominee was subjected to the scrutiny of the Selection Board to ensure the most extraordinary contributions are acknowledged.

The selection criterion is as unique as our Ranger history. To be eligible for selection to the Hall of Fame, a person must be deceased or have been separated, or retired from active military service for at least three years at the time of nomination. He must have served in a Ranger unit in combat or be a successful graduate of the U.S. Army Ranger School. A Ranger unit is defined as those Army units recognized in Ranger lineage or history. Achievement or service may be considered for individuals in a position in state or national government after the Ranger has departed the Armed Forces.

Honorary induction may be conferred on individuals who have made extraordinary contributions to Ranger units, the Ranger foundation, or the Ranger community in general, but who do not meet the normal criteria of combat service with a Ranger unit or graduation from the U.S. Army Ranger School.

Each inductee is presented with an engraved, specially cast bronze Ranger Hall of Fame medallion (shown above), suspended from a red, white and blue ribbon. The medal signifies selfless service, excellence and remarkable accomplishment in the defense of the nation and to the highest ideals of service.

VIDEOS  – THE RANGER CREED:

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The Ranger Creed is the official mission statement of the United States Army Rangers, and is also adopted by Rangers in other armed forces around the world. It was initiated by then-LTC Leuer and his Command Sergeant Major Neal R. Gentry. It was re-drafted by the battalion XO, Major “Rock” Hudson and finalized at Ft Stewart, Georgia in 1974 when the original cadre deployed there on 1 July 1974. The last word in the first stanza is a result of the Battalions re-organization to Regimental.

THE RANGER CREED

Recognizing that I volunteered as a Ranger, fully knowing the hazards of my chosen profession, I will always endeavor to uphold the prestige, honor, and high esprit de corps of my Ranger Regiment.

Acknowledging the fact that a Ranger is a more elite soldier who arrives at the cutting edge of battle by land, sea, or air, I accept the fact that as a Ranger my country expects me to move farther, faster and fight harder than any other soldier.

Never shall I fail my comrades. I will always keep myself mentally alert, physically strong and morally straight and I will shoulder more than my share of the task whatever it may be. One-hundred-percent and then some.

Gallantly will I show the world that I am a specially selected and well-trained soldier. My courtesy to superior officers, neatness of dress and care of equipment shall set the example for others to follow.

Energetically will I meet the enemies of my country. I shall defeat them on the field of battle for I am better trained and will fight with all my might. Surrender is not a Ranger word. I will never leave a fallen comrade to fall into the hands of the enemy and under no circumstances will I ever embarrass my country.

Readily will I display the intestinal fortitude required to fight on to the Ranger objective and complete the mission though I be the lone survivor.

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